The Hunger Games series introduced the fictional world of Panem, a nation compromised of the Capitol and a number of outlying districts. Each district was responsible for a different segment of Panem's economy and, together, they kept the post-apocalyptic world habitable.
There were 12 distinct districts within Panem. The entire nation was run by an authoritarian-totalitarian dictatorship led by President Snow from the Capital. The laws were violently enforced by the Panem government and their army of Peacekeepers. A 13th district, which was independent of Panem, continued to operate in secrecy which later came into play during the rebellion efforts inspired by Katniss Everdeen.
Every year, Panem forced two children from each district to compete in the Hunger Games, a deadly event that pinned innocent citizens against each other. Due to the Hunger Games and the government's treatment towards most of Panem, many districts viewed the Capitol as their enemy. The government highly depended on the districts to supply products through a wide array of industries. Here's a breakdown of what each district in Panem was known for.
District 1: Members of District 1 were known to produce luxury items such as jewelry. Due to their skill in craftsmanship, the goods that came out of District 1 were used to decorate the Capitol. Those who lived in District 1 were some of the wealthiest citizens of Panem. Tributes from District 1 were known as "Careers" because they trained for years before competing in the Hunger Games.
District 2: Located in the Rocky Mountains, District 2 was one of the largest communities in Panem. It was also home to wealthy citizens, resulting in a positive relationship with the Capitol. District 2 was known for its masonry and weapon manufacturing. In Mockingjay, it was revealed that the Capitol's army of Peacekeepers trained in District 2.
District 3: The main industry in District 3 was technology as the people there produced televisions, computers, and other electronics. During Katniss' Victory Tour, she noticed that District 3 was one of the more rebellious districts. One of the most memorable members who came out of District 3 was Beetee, a victor who put his engineering and technology knowledge on display multiple times during the Second Rebellion.
District 4: District 4 specialized in the fishing industry. The citizens in District 4 were known to be wealthy and very good-looking. Their tributes were also Careers, training from a very early age to prepare for the Games. The most notable members of District 4 were Finnick Odair and Mags Flanagan.
District 5: District 5 was responsible for power and electricity. The area produced the electricity that powered all of Panem. They housed a hydroelectric dam which many of the citizens worked in. The dam became a target by the rebels in Mockingjay as they tried to cut out the power in the Capitol.
District 6: The core industry within District 6 was transportation. It served as the hub for the transport network throughout all of Panem. Similar to District 3, District 6 supported Katniss and the rebellion's efforts against the Capitol.
District 7: District 7 supplied Panem with copious supplies of lumber. The area was said to be surrounded mostly by trees. The most noteworthy member of District 7 was Johanna Mason, a victor who used the District's signature weapon, the ax.
District 8: District 8 was known for their work in the textiles industry. One of their factories was dedicated to producing the uniforms used by the Peacekeepers. Along with a few other districts, District 8 was instantly open to joining the rebellion.
District 9: The main industry at the focus of District 9 was grain production. The area was the least referenced district in all of Panem. Not much is known about the victors or tributes from District 9.
District 10: District 10 focused on the livestock industry. Their main job was to raise animals and supply the meat to the Capitol. Katniss never mentioned any of the specific tributes from District 10.
District 11: District 11 was said to be composed of a very large area, possibly the entire Southern region of Panem. Agriculture was the main industry of District 11 as the land was covered in orchards, crop fields, and cattle farms. District 11 was one of the poorest districts and its citizens lived in small shacks in an area patrolled by Peacekeepers. Rue was one of the most notable citizens that came out of District 11.
District 12: District 12 was the smallest and poorest district in Panem. The district was located in Appalachia and their main industry was coal mining. After the Second Rebellion, the coal mine was closed and the district began to produce medicines. Katniss, Peeta, Gale, and Haymitch were notable members from District 12.
District 13: District 13 was thought to have been destroyed by the Capitol during the First Rebellion but it evidently made a deal to act as an independent nation. Before it seceded, District 13 was known for mining graphite but its hidden industry was nuclear technology. District 13's underground facility later became the center of the new rebellion.