Avengers 4 Theory: How [SPOILER] Escapes the Quantum Realm

UPDATE: Watch the Avengers: Endgame trailer here.

What part could Ant-Man and the Quantum Realm play in the events of next year's Avengers 4? The mid-credits scene in Ant-Man and the Wasp deliberately tied into Avengers: Infinity War, and left Scott Lang in a nightmarish situation. Both promotional artwork and set photos have already teased that he'll appear in Avengers 4, though, so it's safe to say that he finds a way out.

Ant-Man and the Wasp focused on the investigation of the Quantum Realm. Described in Ant-Man as "a reality where all concepts of time and space become irrelevant," the Quantum Realm remains a mysterious yet hazardous environment. The best account of just what the Quantum Realm really is was given by quantum physicist Spiros Michalakis, one of Marvel's consultants, who conducted an interview with Nerdist back in 2015. He said the physical laws we see in the universe – laws of time and space, including gravity and the speed of light – are simply trends in quantum mechanical probabilities. If you shrink all the way down, they all disappear. As Nerdist noted:

"If Ant-Man can shrink down to the smallest of the small, he will enter this nothing, this non-reality. All of time and space will be open to him. He could literally change the universe around him Dr. Manhattan-style. And he could traverse time at will."

Related: How Ant-Man and the Wasp Connects To Infinity War

The mid-credits scene of Ant-Man and the Wasp saw Scott Lang stranded in the Quantum Realm. He'd headed into the Quantum Realm in order to obtain more of the mysterious "healing particles" for Ghost, but horrifically this meant he was inside the Quantum Realm at the very moment Thanos snapped his fingers in Wakanda. As horrified viewers realized, that meant Hank, Hope, and Janet all disappeared. There was nobody there to get Scott back out of the Quantum Realm. It's no secret that Scott will ally with the Avengers against Thanos in Avengers 4, we can presume he's going to get out. But how? And what part could his escape play in the plot of Avengers 4?

The Key May Be Time Vortexes

Scott Lang in the Quantum Realm in Ant-Man and the Wasp

The Quantum Realm seems to be some sort of fractal reality, and it's dangerously unstable. Right before Scott enters the Quantum Realm, Janet gives him two warnings; first, steer clear of the Tardigrades, and secondly, "Don't get sucked into a time vortex. We won't be able to save you."

In science-fiction, a "time vortex" is usually an elaboration of Einstein's theories of relativity. Einstein theorized that the motion of planets in space twists both space and time around them, creating a sort of "vortex," but science-fiction usually takes this idea one step further, postulating the existence of "time vortexes." These are often used to actually travel through time and space.

This can be seen in a number of properties like the BBC TV series Doctor Who, where the TARDIS travels through the time vortex. Even the Stargate franchise has dabbled with time vortexes being created as a result of gravitational interference with wormholes. Now Ant-Man and the Wasp has revealed that time vortexes exist inside the Quantum Realm - and they could potentially give Scott Lang an escape route. If he were to enter a time vortex, he could be transported to anywhere in the universe; he could travel through time; and, in theory, he could even return to normal size too.

No doubt this idea is a dangerous one, and Janet - who's far too scientifically-inclined so would understand the risks - chose not to give it a shot while in the Quantum Realm. Scott, however, is more likely to be desperate to escape, and he's also fairly clumsy, so it's quite possible he could actually get caught in a time vortex by accident.

Next Page: Where (And When) Could Scott Lang Emerge?

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Key Release Dates
  • Ant-Man & The Wasp (2018) release date: Jul 06, 2018
  • Captain Marvel (2019) release date: Mar 08, 2019
  • The Avengers 4 / Avengers: Endgame (2019) release date: Apr 26, 2019
  • Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019) release date: Jul 02, 2019
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