‘Life of Pi’ Ending Explained

Published 2 years ago by , Updated February 19th, 2014 at 10:25 am,

Life of Pi Ending Explained Life of Pi Ending Explained

Ang Lee’s Life of Pi is racking-up critical acclaim (read our review) and pre-award season buzz along with solid box office numbers. Though, for every mention of the film’s beautiful 3D or amazing CGI tiger, there’s a fuddled viewer confused by the movie’s controversial ending.

Readers of Yann Martel’s original novel (the ones who made it to the end) have already faced the challenging last-minute question presented by the story’s narrator, but filmgoers expecting a fanciful adventure at sea have been understandably caught off-guard by the finale. No doubt, viewers will debate the ending with friends and family – but to help steer discussion we’ve put together a brief analysis of the Life of Pi ending, explaining why the final question may not be as cut and dry as some moviegoers seem to think.

It goes without saying that the remainder of this article will contain MAJOR SPOILERS for Life of Pi – the movie and the book (especially the ending). If you do not want to be spoiled about either, turn away now.

Life of Pi Shipwreck Life of Pi Ending Explained

For anyone who hasn’t seen (or read) Life of Pi and isn’t concerned about having the ending spoiled, Pi’s adventure concludes in a Mexican hospital bed – where he is interviewed by a pair of Japanese Ministry of Transport officials. The agents tell Pi that his story – which includes multiple animal companions and a carnivorous island – is too unbelievable for them to report, so Pi tells them a different version of the story: one that paints a much darker and emotionally disturbing variation of events. After both stories have been shared, Pi leaves it up to the viewer (or reader) to decide which version they “prefer.”

Personal “preference” has larger thematic meaning, when viewed in the context of the overarching story; however, before we analyze the ending (via the question) in greater detail, we’re going to briefly lay out the two versions of Pi’s story.

In both accounts, Pi’s father contracts a Japanese ship to transport his family, along with a number of their zoo animals, from India to Canada in an effort to escape political upheaval in their native country. The stories are identical up until Pi climbs aboard the lifeboat (following the sinking of the cargo ship) only re-converging when he is rescued on the Mexican shore. The 227 days that Pi spends lost at sea are up for debate.

Life of Pi Richard Parker Life of Pi Ending Explained

The Animal Story

In this version of Pi’s tale, the cargo ship sinks and, during the ensuing chaos, he is joined on the lifeboat by a ragtag group of zoo animals that also managed to escape: an orangutan, a spotted hyena, a zebra with a broken leg, and a Bengal Tiger (named Richard Parker). After some time, Pi watches helplessly as the hyena kills the zebra and then the orangutan before it is, subsequently, dispatched by Richard Parker. Pi then sets about conditioning the tiger through rewarding behavior (food and fresh water), so that the two can co-exist in the boat. Though Pi succeeds, the pair remain on the verge of starvation – until, after several months at sea, they wash ashore an uncharted island packed with fresh vegetation and a bountiful meerkat population. Pi and Richard Parker stuff themselves, but soon discover that the island is home to a carnivorous algae that, when the tide arrives, turns the ground to an acidic trap. Pi realizes that eventually the island will consume them – so he stocks the lifeboat with greens and meerkats and the pair sets sail again. When the lifeboat makes landfall along the Mexican coast, Pi and Richard Parker are once again malnourished – as Pi collapses on the beach, he watches the Bengal Tiger disappear into the jungle without even glancing back.

Pi is brought to a hospital – where he tells the animal story to the Japanese officials. However, when the agents do not believe his tale, the young survivor tells a different version of his journey.

Life of Pi Suraj Sharma Boat Life of Pi Ending Explained

The Human Story

In this version of Pi’s tale the cargo ship still sinks, but instead of the ragtag group of animals in the lifeboat, Pi claims that he was joined by his mother (Gita), the ship’s despicable cook, and an injured Japanese sailor. After some time, fearing for the limited supplies in the boat, the cook kills the weakened Japanese sailor, and later, Gita. Scarred from watching his mother die in front of his eyes, Pi kills the cook in a moment of self-preservation (and revenge).

Pi does not mention his other adventures at sea (the carnivorous island, etc) but it’d be easy to strip away some of the fantastical elements in favor of more grounded (albeit allegorical) situations. Maybe he found an island but realized that living is more than just eating and existing – deciding to take his chances at sea instead of wasting away in apathy on a beach eating meerkats all alone. Of course, that is purely speculation – since, again, Pi does not elaborate on the more grounded human story beyond the revelation that he was alone on the lifeboat.

Life of Pi Whale Life of Pi Ending Explained

The Ending Explained

Even if the connection between the lifeboat parties was missed, the writer makes the connection for the audience (or readers): the hyena is the cook, the orangutan is Pi’s mother, the zebra is the sailor, and Richard Parker is Pi. However, the film’s juxtaposition of the animal story and the human story has led many moviegoers to view the last-minute plot point as a finite “twist” – which was not the original intention of Martel (with the book) or very likely Lee (with the film). Viewers have pointed to the look of anguish on Pi’s face during his telling of the human story in the film as “proof” that he was uncomfortable facing the true horror of his experience. However, the novel takes the scene in the opposite direction, with Pi expressing annoyance at the two men – criticizing them for wanting “a story they already know.” Either way, much like the ending of Inception (read our explanation of that ending), there is no “correct” answer – and Life of Pi intentionally leaves the question unanswered so that viewers (and readers) can make up their own mind.

Facing the final question, it can be easy to forget that, from the outset, The Writer character was promised a story that would make him believe in God. In the first part of the narrative, we see Pi struggling to reconcile the differences between faith interpretations (Hinduism, Christianity, and Islam) – acknowledging that each of them contained valuable elements, even if they tell different stories (elements that together help him survive his ordeal at sea regardless of whether or not he was there with a tiger).

As a result, the larger question is impossible to answer definitively and, as mentioned, the “truth” of Pi’s story is of little concern to Martel or Lee. The real question is – which story do you, the viewer/reader prefer? Interpretation is subjective but the question is intended to serve as a moment of theological reflection. Are you a person that prefers to believe in things that always make sense/things that you can see? Or are you a person that prefers to believe in miracles/take things on faith? There are no right or wrong answers – just an opportunity for introspection.

Life of Pi Island Life of Pi Ending Explained

Pi is faced with a heavy challenge: telling a story that will make a person believe in God. Some listeners might remain unconvinced but in the case of The Writer, who openly admits that he prefers the story with the tiger, and the Japanese officials, who in their closing report remarked on the feat of “surviving 227 days at sea… especially with a tiger,” Pi successfully helps skeptics overcome one of the largest hurdles to faith – believing in the unbelievable.

Since Pi marries The Writer’s preference for the Tiger story with the line, “and so it goes with God,” it’s hard to separate the question entirely from theology. Evidenced by his multi-religion background, Pi does not believe that any of the world’s religions are a one-stop shop for the truth of God – and his goal is not to convert anyone to a specific dogma. Instead, his story is set up to help viewers/readers consider which version of the world they prefer – the one where we make our own way and suffer through the darkness via self-determination, or the one where we are aided by something greater than ourselves (regardless of which version of “God” we may accept).

That said, aside from all the theological implications, and regardless of personal preference, it’s insular to view the ending as simply a dismissal of everything that Pi had previously described (and/or experienced) – since, in keeping with his view that every religious story has worthwhile parts, a third interpretation of the ending could be that the “truth” is a mix of both stories. Like Pi and his three-tiered faith routine, the viewer/reader can always pick and choose the parts that benefit their preferred version of the tale.

Life of Pi Suraj Sharma Life of Pi Ending Explained

The “truth”: Pi survived for 227 days at sea, married the girl of his dreams, had children, and lived to tell two stories.

Like any quality piece of entertainment, a lot of this is subjective and there are multiple ways of interpreting the Life of Pi ending, so feel free to (respectfully) share your interpretation with fellow moviegoers in the comment section below.

For an in-depth discussion of the film by the Screen Rant editors check out our Life of Pi episode of the SR Underground podcast.

Follow me on Twitter @benkendrick for more on Life of Pi as well as future movie, TV, and gaming news.

Life of Pi is now playing in theaters everywhere. It is Rated PG for emotional thematic content throughout, and some scary action sequences and peril.

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  1. (… continuing)

    Metaphor 3: Orangutan and Pi’s mum. The orangutan came floating by on a pile of bananas. Although bananas do float like most things will especially in the sea, the way and position the orangutan was sitting on the floating bananas like a Hindu or Buddhist goddess on a lotus was quite uncanny. Let’s put science aside and based on the story/movie itself; if we take it from the reporter in the end who said that “bananas don’t float”, maybe that’s the clue or point-reference the writer or director wants us to base on; but that’s not the most important point here. In Pi’s darkest and most confused and lost moment in the lifeboat stuck with the chef and injured sailor, with the ordeal he had to witness, Pi’s first and most primitive belief as a traumatized child came back to him. That’s his mother. He missed his mom so badly then, and through her he found some temporary salvation. And this is the metaphor inside a metaphor: Pi’s mom came to him in spirit or in his heart to support him emotionally and mentally. And it could be the vegetarian (and the mom) in him that tried to stop the chef from harming or eating the sailor. At first, that kind/vegetarian self of Pi managed to take control of the situation, but that didn’t last very long as the chef’s carnivorous nature fought back. Sadly, the orangutan lost, and this was when Pi’s own animal instinct was triggered–the tiger appeared, which will be Metaphor 4. But before I moved on to that, a couple of more things I must highlight about the orangutan and Pi’s mum. First, the orangutan appeared only once before the shipwreck: in the cage on board. Pi looked at it with sympathy… Another evidence why the orangutan wouldn’t have escaped the shipwreck, and it floating on a banana was just a metaphor or imagination. Second, if you recall an earlier spectacular scene where it depicts Pi’s mum’s Hindu religion when they were launching lit flower floats by the river at night during a festival (to free the dead souls), it will be easy to relate to the way the orangutan came floating by as how Pi’s mum came back to him in spirit.

    Metaphor 4: The carnivorous island, the tooth in the flower and the string. This is the height of his imagination and also the loneliest part of Pi’s survival. It represented him losing his ground, perhaps trying to make himself feel better as he was getting used to eating meat (I don’t think he actually ate the chef or the sailor; he might have eaten the fish or the maggots from the dead body… but I don’t really want to go there). So, the island is like a fantasy land as he had been out in the sea by himself for a while by now, so he most likely started to hallucinate and talk crazy to himself, like one seas a mirage in the desert. Although he was probably feeling quite content that he was getting a hang of sea life and his survival skill (with food, from fishing maybe), he suddenly realized he was turning into something that was not him and that he would eventually die out in the open sea. The island looks like a human or Buddha, or whatever it is, represents his self-actualization. The flower represents the love or answer; Pi asked his girlfriend what the flower hand gesture meant earlier and she said “the flower in the forest” (when the lover/subject found love). So, when Pi first felt content about his survival at sea, it was as if he found an answer he could settle with, that he started to accept his fate. However, in the flower was a tooth. The tooth represents a cruel fact that he would continue to eat meat… and eventually he would die in this self-deceiving and hallucinated pleasure–physically, he would not last in the lifeboat forever (or for much longer); and mentally, sin would eat him alive. So, as he decided to moved, he tied the string to the root, representing that he was determined to find or recover his vegetarian or original self again; his girlfriend tied that to his wrist as she was determined they will not ‘separate’ and somehow reunite one day. He thought Richard Parker would not follow or be abandoned but then he somehow still needed his animal instinct to survive.

  2. When the climax question “which story do you ‘prefer’?” came up I instantly recalled this exchange at the conclusion of Dr Zhivago, when, after the whole long fascinating story had been related to the girl working at the hydroelectric dam: YEVGRAF
    “This man was your father. Why won’t you believe it? Don’t you want to believe it?”
    “Not if it isn’t true.”

    At the end of the movie my daughter’s first comment was “That seems like a slam against God.” which I took to mean (and it turned out she did mean) “So is belief in God just a ‘preference’ not related to the truth?”